An economist explains the pros and cons of globalization. Cultural content industries are growing exponentially and will continue to do so in the future. Globalization acquired cultural connotations with global culture, global civil society etc. The concept of culture expressed the possibility that social difference could be considered in symmetrical form and not only with those concepts. Implication of globalization on organization culture. Such a vision could not be understood except from the perspective of the observation of observers since in the receptivity of the point of view of tradition by each new generation what has. His academic interests are connected with the analysis of problems of globalization and modernization. The social impact of globalization in the developing countries. From this perspective, globalization cannot continue to be exclusively defined as. With this purpose in mind, it is therefore important to clarify the limitations of the discussion put forward in the following sections. May 25, 2017 cultural globalisation refers to the rapid movement of ideas, attitudes, meanings, values and cultural products across national borders.
This means that goods and services, capital, and labour are traded on a worldwide basis, and information and the results of research flow readily between countries. Moreover, new things are added to material culture every day, and they affect nonmaterial culture as well. Globalization and culture essay example graduateway. Culture is defined by various personalities in a number of ways. Globalization benefits and challenges velocity global. Effort is made on the ways nigerian culture can be protected from extinction as a result of forces of globalization, which is currently exerting influence among nigerian youths. Generally speaking, issues surrounding culture and globalization have received less attention than the debates, which have arisen over globalization. With a focus on global engagement, the scope of the course changed to explore.
Globalization is a critical tool for cultural homogeneity and end to cultural diversity in the world. Culture, economic, global, globalization,international, multinational, national, market, regional jel classification. Aug 28, 2017 in a globalized world, we tend to see mcdonalds and starbucks everywhere in the world. We are in a huge global economy where something that happens in one area can have knock on effects worldwide. Others saw benefits in overturning traditional ways and developing modern. In this way, african culture and values can be revaluated. Articles on cultural globalization, pub lished during the past decade, are used in this article as an indication of the areas in which current research is. Jekayinfa 2002 states that from wider perspective, culture includes the total.
Pdf globalization and its economic social political and cultural. The theory behind globalization is that worldwide openness will promote the inherent wealth of all nations. My preliminary examination indicates that there are at least four potential definitions of globalization that are increasingly radical in their understanding of the change represented by globalization and thus its relational implications. Propelled by the efficiency or appeal of wireless communications, electronic commerce, popular. Cultural globalization cultural globalization the persistence of local culture. It gives several definitions, explains its four phases of development and shows its dimensions in economy, culture, society and communication. The culture of globalization and globalization of culture strives towards deterritorialization and reterritorialization of political and economic power in the era of borderless world. They represent the birth of a new civilsociety politics and an antidote to the forces pushing. Economic globalization is the process by which the whole world becomes a single market. Cultural globalization has long been an aspect of modern society as it has long impacted how other cultures behave and change over time as well as interact with each other.
Definitions and perspectives composed by eric beerkens, 2006 globalization refers to all those processes by which the peoples of the world are incorporated into a single world society, global society p. Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration among people, companies, and governments worldwide. The most general definition of globalization is given by andrew jones in his globalization. This process has effects on the environment, on culture, on political systems, on economic development and prosperity, and on human physical wellbeing in societies around the world. Impact of globalization on culture university of ilorin. It started with economic globalizationspread of transnational corporations and global commodities, especially food and drinks items like pizza and coke, and dress material such as levi jeans, reebok and nike shoes, etc. Encyclopaedia britannica describes cultural globalization as a phenomenon by which the experience of everyday life, as influenced by the diffusion of commodities and ideas. Learn for free about math, art, computer programming, economics, physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, finance, history, and more. Taylor, culture as that complex whole which includes knowledge belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society. This process is where companies operate across national borders, companies become internationally recognizable, and cultures increasingly homogenized. Cultural globalization refers to the process by where a culture s experiences, values, and ideas are disseminated throughout the world through various means.
George soros in his work on globalization, gave a definition. Advances in information technology, in particular, have dramatically transformed economic life. But, the same globalization allows for cuisines of various nations to be explored by people across the world. Some of the tensions produced by the process of globalization identified by the task force include. Globalisation and cultural identity in caribbean society. This process is marked by the common consumption of cultures that have been diffused by the internet, popular culture media, and international travel. F60 definitions the term globalization comes from english, as base of the word globalization which refers to the emerging of an international network, belonging to an economical and social system1.
The different definitions attach to culture is based on the differences in the orientation of the people. May 11, 2017 sociologists whose research lies within this subfield focus on how the process of globalization has shifted or changed preexisting elements of society, new elements of society that may have evolved in response to globalization, and the social, economic, political, cultural, and environmental implications of the process. The extent and impact of globalisation on society is still under discussion, but three main theories of globalization have been identified. Tylor, practically all objects that have social meaning belong to culture. The same person may experience both positive and negative aspects of globalization. These activities can be economic, social, cultural, political, technological, or. A more critical perspective would argue that globalization is just western capitalist imperialism under another guise.
Cultural globalization refers to the transmission of ideas, meanings, and values around the world in such a way as to extend and intensify social relations. It refers specifically to idea that there is now a global and common monoculture transmitted and reinforced by the internet, popular entertainment transnational marketing of particular brands and international tourism that transcends local. Culture can be defined as sets of behavior that are passed down from one generation to the next. Propelled by the efficiency or appeal of wireless communications, electronic commerce, popular culture, and international travel, globalization has been seen as a trend toward homogeneity. Brief literary overviews on the terms globalization, culture and identity are included. Some saw it as threatening traditional institutions such as the family and the school, or threatening the way of life of whole communities. Culture consists of the beliefs, behaviors, objects, and other characteristics common to the members of a particular group or society. Implication of globalization on organization culture, kenyan. Study guide for unit 12 of the postgraduate diploma in telecommunications and information policy. A survey of articles on cultural globalization listed in two information. Culture and therefore globalization has contributed to the increased cases of mergers and joint ventures not of only companies from same countries but from different cultures as well as regions of the world who manage to overcome cultural challenges such as environmental and economic pressures which have been occasioned by globalization.
Definition phases of development dimensions the following seminarpaper is about the phenomenon of globalization. Generally speaking, issues surrounding culture and globalization have received less attention than the debates, which have arisen over globalization and the environment or labor standards. During most of the 20th century, anthropologists defined culture as a shared set of beliefs, customs, and ideas that held people together in recognizable, selfidentified groups. Underlying these various visions of globalization is a reluctance to define exactly what is meant by the term culture. The word culture originated from the latin word, cultura, meaning to cultivate. As a complex and multifaceted phenomenon, globalization is considered by some as a form of capitalist expansion which entails the integration of local and national economies into a global, unregulated market economy. Khan academy is a nonprofit with the mission of providing a free, worldclass education for anyone, anywhere. It also examines the impact of globalization on cult ure. Another common concern was the impact of globalization on culture and identity. Funlayo vesajoki the effects of globalization on culture.
Globalization can be conceived as a process or a set of processes which embodies a transformation in the spatial organization of social relations. In this paper, we try to show the relevance of african culture and values to the contemporary society but maintain that these values be critically assessed, and those found to be inimical to the wellbeing and holistic development of the society, be discarded. It generally makes the rich become rich and the poor to become mired in poverty. Cultures change when something new say, railroads or smartphones opens up new ways of living and when new ideas enter a culture say, as a result of travel or globalization. Culture is a way of life adopted by a certain group of people of a particular society at a specific time and place. Pdf globalization is often exclusively associated with worldwide economic integration and the.
A defining feature of globalization, therefore, is an international industrial and financial business structure. Thoughts on a possibly global culture are investigated. Others, however, have treated globalization of culture as an evil because of their fears of the pervasive power and duplicity of multinational corporations or international institutions such as the international monetary fund imf globalization crisis, lieber, weisberg. Impact of globalization on the traditional african cultures. Pdf globalization and its economic social political and. Globalization studies and editorinchief of the journal age of globalization in russian. His published research includes topics such as forecasting world political change, socialeconomic development and social evolution. Globalization is seen as the intermixing of people, cultures, economies and technologies. Technology has been the other principal driver of globalization. In culture studies, the emphasis is on the development of cultural communication influencing the culture and identity of the groups across the nations.
This has added to processes of commodity exchange and colonization which have a longer. According ekeh 1989, culture is construct used in an attempt to analyse and integrate events and ideas in broad spectrum of areas of society. While most americans only began paying attention to globalization with the north american free trade agreement nafta debates in 1993. The cultural and linguistics differences accompanying ethnic divisions in africa have been weaken by the forces of globalization. Pdf globalization advantages and disadvantages shahibul. Globalization refers to the tendency of international trade, investments, information technology and outsourced manufacturing to weave the economies of diverse countries together. Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology. The impact of globalization on cult ural identities 193 and meaning that form the intergenerational network which provides continuity to social life. However, globalizations definition has been increasingly expansiveby, for example, including people and culture in the list of crossborder exchanges. Effort is made on the ways nigerian culture can be protected from extinction as a result of forces of globalization, which is. The concept of global culture is today perceived as a spread of american values, goods and life style.
The economic, political, and social transformation of chinese society implications for uschina relations doug guthrie dean professor of management and international business george washington school of business george washington university october 8, 2010. Globalization and its social and cultural impact 37th isocarp congress page 4 of 5 dr. Ma in sociology paperviii sociology of globalization. Globalization is defined as a macro level process incorporating smaller scale processes within it. Globalization means different for different people. Essay on cultural globalization 2084 words bartleby. The result is that the identity of the region and its people has been significantly shaped by two groups of people. The word globalization has been widely promulgated to refer to aspects of development mostly from an economic perspective. It is seen as the intensification of the interaction of people on a world wide scale. Cultural globalization the persistence of local culture. The impact of globalization on cultural identities 191 human contingency. The jamaican case abstract the caribbean is a region whose very name reverberates from the early effects of globalisation then called colonialism. Cultural globalization, a phenomenon by which the experience of everyday life, as influenced by the diffusion of commodities and ideas, reflects a standardization of cultural expressions around the world.
As the hipster example illustrates, culture is always evolving. Globalization can be defined as a complex, economic, political, cultural and geographical process in which the mobility of capital, organizations, ideas, discourses and people has. It also examines the impact of globalization on culture. Pdf impact of globalization on world culture researchgate. Culture and globalization are two different concepts. They represent the birth of a new civil society politics and an antidote to the forces pushing for globalization. Through culture, people and groups define themselves, conform to society s shared values, and contribute to society. Articles on cultural globalization, pub lished during the past decade, are used in this article as an indication of the areas in which current research is taking place, the extent to which these three types. Society and culture, harcourt education, melbourne, australia.983 105 298 282 1165 127 433 1295 855 122 808 1558 73 849 769 1450 741 1070 658 1027 1023 1346 738 844 1466 673 830 880 1347 559 740 965 147 743 719